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Medications: Various medications can help alleviate insomnia. These include:


Effective for short-term relief but can cause dependency if used long-term.

Non-Benzodiazepine Hypnotics

Drugs like zolpidem and eszopiclone are often preferred due to fewer side effects and lower risk of dependence.


Certain antidepressants, such as trazodone, can help improve sleep for individuals with insomnia linked to depression.

Over-the-Counter Options

Antihistamines and melatonin supplements can provide temporary relief but are generally not recommended for long-term use due to potential side effects and limited efficacy.

Psychiatric Treatment

When insomnia is associated with mental health conditions like anxiety, depression, or bipolar disorder, addressing the underlying psychiatric issues is crucial. Psychiatrists may use a combination of


• To stabilize mood or reduce anxiety, which in turn can improve sleep patterns.


Including Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) tailored for insomnia, to address both sleep issues and co-occurring mental health disorders.

Combined Approach

Often, the best results are achieved through a combined approach, utilizing medication to provide immediate relief and therapy to address underlying causes and promote long-term sleep health. This integrated strategy helps individuals manage their insomnia effectively while minimizing the risk of dependency on sleep medications.

The Role of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Insomnia

Insomnia, a common sleep disorder, affects many people, making it difficult to fall asleep, stay asleep, or get quality sleep. This can lead to daytime fatigue, mood disturbances, and impaired functioning. One effective treatment for insomnia is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I), a structured program that helps people address and change the thoughts and behaviours that contribute to their sleep problems.

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

CBT-I focuses on identifying and modifying negative thoughts and behaviours that prevent good sleep. Unlike sleeping pills, which may provide short-term relief, CBT-I aims to resolve the underlying issues causing insomnia, leading to long-lasting improvements.

How CBT-I Works

Cognitive Restructuring

This involves identifying and challenging unhelpful thoughts about sleep. For example, a person might believe, "I will never be able to sleep well." CBT-I helps them replace this with a more realistic thought, such as, "I can improve my sleep with the right techniques."

Behavioural Interventions

These strategies encourage better sleep habits. Two common techniques are sleep restriction and stimulus control.

Benefits of CBT-I

CBT-I is effective for many people with insomnia, often leading to significant improvements in sleep quality and duration. It is a drug-free approach, which minimizes the risk of side effects and dependency associated with sleeping medications. Moreover, the skills learned in CBT-I can provide lasting benefits, helping individuals maintain better sleep patterns long after the therapy has ended.

In summary, CBT-I is a valuable tool for addressing insomnia. By changing negative thoughts and behaviours related to sleep, it offers a sustainable solution for better rest and overall well-being.

Deep Relaxation Techniques for Treating Insomnia

Insomnia, the persistent difficulty in falling or staying asleep, affects millions of people worldwide. While medications and cognitive therapies offer solutions, deep relaxation exercises and techniques can also play a vital role in managing and treating insomnia. These natural methods promote relaxation, reduce stress, and improve sleep quality without the side effects of medication. Here, we explore the roles of yoga, yogic exercises, Yoga Nidra, acupuncture, meditation, sound therapy, and energy healing in treating insomnia